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1. Social security
What does the Agreement on Social Security between Belgium and Japan mean for me?
The Agreement on Social Security between Belgium and Japan entered into force on January 1st 2007. It provides that, in certain cases, a Belgian or Japanese employee working in the other country remain affiliated and contribute only to the social security system of their country of origin.
As a rule, if you are employed in Japan, you should contribute to social security in Japan. Similarly, if you are employed in Belgium, you should contribute to social security in Belgium.
The agreement that entered into force on January 1st, 2007, allows in certain cases to waive the general rule:
- When a Japanese company temporarily seconds a Japanese employee to Belgium (for a maximum of five years) he or she will no longer have to pay social security contributions in Belgium. During his secondment in Belgium, the employee will only pay contributions in Japan and he will therefore only be subject to the Japanese social security system.
- For Belgian employees who are temporarily (for a maximum of five years) seconded by their Belgium-based employer to Japan, the same rules will be applied by the Japanese authorities.
- Japanese employees who have paid or will pay social security contributions in Belgium keep their retirement benefits rights. When they reach retirement age, they will be entitled to an old age or survivors’ pension from the National Pension Office (Belgium), regardless of whether they reside in Belgium or not.
- Belgian employees who were not seconded and who have paid social security contributions in Japan, cankeep their pension rights as long as they contributed for the minimum number of years foreseen in the Japanese regulation (see Q&A).
Questions & Answers
Text of the Agreement and useful links